Justices Serving on the Court 1937 – 1949

The following figures and tables include the names of the Justices serving on the Court and Martin Quinn scores for the indicated year. Each table also includes the name of the appointing President, the President’s party affiliation and the years each Justice served on the Court. The first Justice listed is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

1937

Bar Graph 1937

Justices serving on the Court and Martin Quinn Ideology scores, 1937

Justices serving on the Court, 1937
Justice Mean President Party of President Years Served
Cardozo -1.585 Hoover Republican 1932-1938
Hughes -0.366 Hoover Republican 1930-1941
Sutherland 1.587 Harding Republican 1922-1938
Stone -0.767 Coolidge Republican 1925-1946
Black -2.91 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1937-1971
McReynolds 3.448 Wilson Democrat 1914-1941
Brandeis -0.603 Wilson Democrat 1916-1939
Roberts 0.018 Hoover Republican 1930-1945
Butler 2.075 Harding Republican 1923-1939
Reed -1.032 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1938-1957
Chief Justice, 1937
Chief Justice Median Court Score
Hughes -0.333 -0.01
Hughes -0.559 -0.01

National Labor Relations Board v. Jones and Laughlin Steel Corp. (1937)

Steward Machine Co. v. Davis (1937)

Helvering v. Davis (1937)

West Coast Hotel v. Parrish (1937)

1938

Bar Graph 1938

Justices serving on the Court and Martin Quinn Ideology scores, 1938

Justices serving on the Court, 1938
Justice Mean President Party of President Years Served
Hughes -0.176 Hoover Republican 1930-1941
Frankfurter -1.355 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1962
Stone -0.693 Coolidge Republican 1925-1946
Black -3.228 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1937-1971
McReynolds 3.574 Wilson Democrat 1914-1941
Brandeis -0.613 Wilson Democrat 1916-1939
Roberts 0.356 Hoover Republican 1930-1945
Butler 2.384 Harding Republican 1923-1939
Reed -1.122 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1938-1957
Douglas -2.808 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1975
Chief Justice, 1938
Chief Justice Median Court Score
Hughes -0.526 -0.37
Hughes (2) -0.681 -0.37

1939

Bar Graph 1939

Justices serving on the Court and Martin Quinn Ideology scores, 1939

Justices serving on the Court, 1939
Justice Mean President Party of President Years Served
Hughes 0.349 Hoover Republican 1930-1941
Frankfurter -1.252 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1962
Murphy -1.612 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1940-1949
Stone -0.617 Coolidge Republican 1925-1946
Black -3.317 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1937-1971
McReynolds 3.543 Wilson Democrat 1914-1941
Roberts 1.006 Hoover Republican 1930-1945
Reed -1.049 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1938-1957
Douglas -3.016 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1975
Chief Justice, 1939
Chief Justice Median Court Score
Hughes -0.526 -0.66

1940

Bar Graph 1940

Justices serving on the Court and Martin Quinn Ideology scores, 1940

Justices serving on the Court, 1940
Justice Mean President Party of President Years Served
Hughes 0.944 Hoover Republican 1930-1941
Frankfurter -0.722 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1962
Murphy -1.571 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1940-1949
Stone -0.217 Coolidge Republican 1925-1946
Black -3.35 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1937-1971
McReynolds 3.363 Wilson Democrat 1914-1941
Roberts 1.646 Hoover Republican 1930-1945
Reed -0.731 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1938-1957
Douglas -3.146 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1975
Chief Justice, 1940
Chief Justice Median Court Score
Hughes -0.624 -0.42

1941

Bar Graph 1941

Justices serving on the Court and Martin Quinn Ideology scores, 1941

Justices serving on the Court, 1941
Justice Mean President Party of President Years Served
Frankfurter 0.103 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1962
Murphy -1.522 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1940-1949
Stone 0.456 Coolidge Republican 1925-1946
Black -3.279 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1937-1971
Byrnes -0.188 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1941-1942
Roberts 1.858 Hoover Republican 1930-1945
Jackson 0.21 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1941-1954
Reed -0.265 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1938-1957
Douglas -3.089 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1975
Chief Justice, 1941
Chief Justice Median Court Score
Stone -0.141 -0.64

United States v. Darby Lumber Co. (1941)

1942

Bar Graph 1942

Justices serving on the Court and Martin Quinn Ideology scores, 1942

Justices serving on the Court, 1942
Justice Mean President Party of President Years Served
Frankfurter 0.47 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1962
Murphy -1.665 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1940-1949
Stone 0.38 Coolidge Republican 1925-1946
Black -3.064 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1937-1971
Roberts 2.105 Hoover Republican 1930-1945
Jackson 0.238 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1941-1954
Reed 0.162 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1938-1957
Rutledge -1.115 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1943-1949
Douglas -2.799 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1975
Chief Justice, 1942
Chief Justice Median Court Score
Stone 0.094 -0.59

Wickard v. Filburn (1942)

1943

Bar Graph 1943

Justices serving on the Court and Martin Quinn Ideology scores, 1943

Justices serving on the Court, 1943
Justice Mean President Party of President Years Served
Frankfurter 0.615 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1962
Murphy -1.722 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1940-1949
Stone 0.242 Coolidge Republican 1925-1946
Black -2.73 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1937-1971
Roberts 2.426 Hoover Republican 1930-1945
Jackson 0.14 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1941-1954
Reed 0.157 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1938-1957
Rutledge -1.147 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1943-1949
Douglas -2.465 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1975
Chief Justice, 1943
Chief Justice Median Court Score
Stone 0.038 -0.50

1944

Bar Graph 1944

Justices serving on the Court and Martin Quinn Ideology scores, 1944

Justices serving on the Court, 1944
Justice Mean President Party of President Years Served
Frankfurter 0.515 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1962
Murphy -1.431 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1940-1949
Stone 0.589 Coolidge Republican 1925-1946
Black -2.555 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1937-1971
Roberts 2.759 Hoover Republican 1930-1945
Jackson 0.204 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1941-1954
Reed -0.074 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1938-1957
Rutledge -1.374 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1943-1949
Douglas -1.99 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1975
Chief Justice, 1944
Chief Justice Median Court Score
Stone -0.084 -0.37

Korematsu v. United States (1944)

1945

Bar Graph 1945

Justices serving on the Court and Martin Quinn Ideology scores, 1945

Justices serving on the Court, 1945
Justice Mean President Party of President Years Served
Frankfurter 0.654 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1962
Murphy -1.395 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1940-1949
Stone 0.73 Coolidge Republican 1925-1946
Burton 0.513 Truman Democrat 1945-1958
Black -2.158 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1937-1971
Jackson 0.631 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1941-1954
Reed 0.084 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1938-1957
Rutledge -1.19 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1943-1949
Douglas -1.737 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1975
Chief Justice, 1945
Chief Justice Median Court Score
Stone 0.069 -0.43

Southern Pacific Co. v. Arizona (1945)

1946

Bar Graph 1946

Justices serving on the Court and Martin Quinn Ideology scores, 1946

Justices serving on the Court, 1946
Justice Mean President Party of President Years Served
Frankfurter 1.041 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1962
Murphy -1.775 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1940-1949
Vinson 0.417 Truman Democrat 1946-1953
Burton 0.531 Truman Democrat 1945-1958
Black -1.957 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1937-1971
Jackson 1.059 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1941-1954
Reed 0.298 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1938-1957
Rutledge -1.438 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1943-1949
Douglas -1.417 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1975
Chief Justice, 1946
Chief Justice Median Court Score
Vinson 0.245 -0.36

United States v. Causby (1946)

1947

Bar Graph 1947

Justices serving on the Court and Martin Quinn Ideology scores, 1947

Justices serving on the Court, 1947
Justice Mean President Party of President Years Served
Frankfurter 0.954 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1962
Murphy -1.686 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1940-1949
Vinson 0.544 Truman Democrat 1946-1953
Burton 0.827 Truman Democrat 1945-1958
Black -1.794 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1937-1971
Jackson 1.21 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1941-1954
Reed 0.537 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1938-1957
Rutledge -1.761 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1943-1949
Douglas -1.496 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1975
Chief Justice, 1947
Chief Justice Median Court Score
Vinson 0.448 -0.30

1948

Bar Graph 1948

Justices serving on the Court and Martin Quinn Ideology scores, 1948

Justices serving on the Court, 1948
Justice Mean President Party of President Years Served
Frankfurter 0.64 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1962
Murphy -1.513 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1940-1949
Vinson 0.878 Truman Democrat 1946-1953
Burton 0.942 Truman Democrat 1945-1958
Black -1.585 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1937-1971
Jackson 1.287 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1941-1954
Reed 0.698 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1938-1957
Rutledge -1.84 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1943-1949
Douglas -1.662 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1975
Chief Justice, 1948
Chief Justice Median Court Score
Vinson 0.549 -0.24

1949

Bar Graph 1949

Justices serving on the Court and Martin Quinn Ideology scores, 1949

Justices serving on the Court, 1949
Justice Mean President Party of President Years Served
Frankfurter 0.37 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1962
Vinson 1.113 Truman Democrat 1946-1953
Burton 0.949 Truman Democrat 1945-1958
Black -1.524 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1937-1971
Jackson 0.862 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1941-1954
Reed 1.094 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1941-1954
Minton 1.216 Truman Democrat 1949-1956
Clark 1.068 Truman Democrat 1949-1967
Douglas -1.473 F.D. Roosevelt Democrat 1939-1975
Chief Justice, 1949
Chief Justice Median Court Score
Vinson 0.88 0.41

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