CN103357670B  Reduction schedule optimizing method applicable to fivestand UCM (universal crown mill) type cold continuous rolling unit  Google Patents
Reduction schedule optimizing method applicable to fivestand UCM (universal crown mill) type cold continuous rolling unit Download PDFInfo
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 CN103357670B CN103357670B CN201210083834.4A CN201210083834A CN103357670B CN 103357670 B CN103357670 B CN 103357670B CN 201210083834 A CN201210083834 A CN 201210083834A CN 103357670 B CN103357670 B CN 103357670B
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 239000000463 material Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 13
 238000000034 method Methods 0.000 claims description 48
 238000005452 bending Methods 0.000 claims description 36
 238000005457 optimization Methods 0.000 claims description 33
 238000009826 distribution Methods 0.000 claims description 24
 238000004519 manufacturing process Methods 0.000 claims description 21
 206010022114 Injury Diseases 0.000 claims description 12
 229910000831 Steel Inorganic materials 0.000 claims description 12
 238000003801 milling Methods 0.000 claims description 12
 239000010959 steel Substances 0.000 claims description 12
 239000000203 mixture Substances 0.000 claims description 4
 230000001105 regulatory Effects 0.000 claims description 2
 230000002265 prevention Effects 0.000 abstract 1
 230000002393 scratching Effects 0.000 abstract 1
 238000006748 scratching Methods 0.000 abstract 1
 238000005482 strain hardening Methods 0.000 description 10
 238000010586 diagram Methods 0.000 description 6
 238000004364 calculation method Methods 0.000 description 4
 238000005516 engineering process Methods 0.000 description 4
 230000001050 lubricating Effects 0.000 description 4
 101700037397 MAX2 Proteins 0.000 description 2
 101710041076 PLEKHH1 Proteins 0.000 description 2
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Abstract
The utility model relates to a reduction schedule optimizing method applicable to a fivestand UCM (universal crown mill) type cold continuous rolling unit, and relates to the technical field of control for rolling equipment. The reduction schedule optimizing method includes defining plate shape deviation factors and convexity deviation factors; providing initial values of correction factors according to a fluctuation condition of supplied materials in a field; computing optimal working parameters in current schedules; outputting the optimal working parameters to corresponding framework adjusting mechanisms to optimize reduction schedules. The reduction schedule optimizing method has the advantages that prevention and control for rolling load balancing, slipping and hot scratching and comprehensive control for plate shapes and the plate convexity are taken into consideration, the plate shape closed rate can be reduced and reach 2.5%, the plate convexity qualified rate can reach 99% at least, the quality of products is improved, and the reduction schedule optimizing method has an important economic significance.
Description
Technical field
This patent relates to the control technology field of skin pass rolling equipment, particularly relates to a kind of draft schedule optimization method being suitable for the tandem mills of five frame UCM types.
Background technology
For the tandem mills of UCM type, in process of production, the parameter of setting is needed to mainly contain four classes: (1) roller system parameter mainly comprises the bending roller force of each institute organic frame working roll, the bending roller force of intermediate calender rolls and the shifting amount of intermediate calender rolls; (2) rolling schedule mainly comprises the reduction ratio of each frame; (3) tension schedule mainly comprises the front and back tension force of each frame; (4) lubricating regime mainly comprises the quality, flow, concentration, initial temperature etc. of emulsion.In the past, in process of production, under the prerequisite that technological lubrication system is given, the control for plate shape and strip crown almost places one's entire reliance upon roller system parameter at scene.And the setting to rolling schedule, what the rolling load often mainly considered equilibrium, skidding and heat scratched prevents and treats problem.And consider less to the control problem of plate shape and strip crown, even if consider it is also only that in the end frame is considered to some extent.In fact, for tandem mills, under tension schedule and the given prerequisite of lubricating process, the plate shape of finished product band and strip crown are not the result of roller system parameter independent role, and closely related with rolling schedule.Although the optimization of the roller system parameters such as the roller of intermediate calender rolls play and working roll and intermediate calender rolls can change plate shape and the strip crown of rack outlet largely, but this change is based on specific rolling schedule, and the degree that can change is limited and noninfinite.If rolling schedule setting is seriously unreasonable, beyond the roller of intermediate calender rolls play and working roll and intermediate calender rolls to the limit of power of the regulation and control of plate shape and strip crown, so will produce underproof product, cause product to demote, bring larger economic loss to unit.For this reason, the present invention is on the basis of a large amount of field trials and theoretical research, fully in conjunction with the equipment and technology feature of UCM tandem mills, propose and be a set ofly suitable for the draft schedule optimization method that five frame UCM tandem mills take into account plate shape and strip crown Comprehensive Control, not only consider that rolling load is balanced, skid with hot scratch prevent and treat problem, and take into account the Comprehensive Control of plate shape and strip crown, can improve the quality of products while guarantee production efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a set of draft schedule optimization method being applicable to five frame UCM type tandem mills, make it take into account load balancing simultaneously, skid and the Comprehensive Control of the control of heat slid wound, plate shape and strip crown, the qualification rate of raising product and precision.
In order to realize foregoing invention object, the draft schedule optimization method being applicable to five frame UCM type tandem mills of the present invention, first plate shape deviation factor and convexity deviation factor is defined, again according to onthespot supplied materials fluctuation situation, to the initial value of ejecting plate shape deviation factor and convexity deviation factor, then calculate the optimum working parameter under current code, then export to corresponding frame regulating mechanism, realize the optimization of rolling schedule.
Concrete steps of the present invention are as follows:
A () collects key equipment and the technological parameter of unit, comprise the following steps:
A1) collect the device parameter of the tandem mills of five frame UCM types, comprising: working roll roller footpath
intermediate calender rolls diameter D
_{mi}, backing roll diameter D
_{bi}, working roller Distribution Value Δ D
_{wij}, intermediate calender rolls roll shape Distribution Value Δ D
_{mij}, backing roll roll shape Distribution Value Δ D
_{bij}, working roll barrel length L
_{wi}, intermediate calender rolls barrel length L
_{mi}, backing roll barrel length L
_{bi}, working roll bending cylinder centretocentre spacing l
_{wi}, intermediate calender rolls roll bending cylinder centretocentre spacing l
_{mi}, backing roll housing screw centretocentre spacing l
_{bi};
A2) collect the technological parameter of band steel to be produced, comprise the thickness h of the width B of band steel to be produced, band steel to be produced
_{0}, finished product thickness h
_{n}, steel grade;
A3) collect the apparatus and process characteristic parameter of the tandem mills of five frame UCM types, comprising: the maximum draught pressure F that each frame allows
_{maxi}, the maximum rolling power P that allows of each frame
_{maxi}, each frame tension force setting value T
_{i}, critical slip factor ψ
^{*}, critical slip injury index
target flatness
target Board convexity
target flatness allows maximum deviation Δ σ
_{1}, Target Board convexity allows maximum deviation Δ C, mill speed maximum V
_{max}, intermediate calender rolls maximum shifting amount δ allowable
_{imax}, the maximum positive bending roller force of working roll
the maximum negative bending roller force of working roll
the maximum positive bending roller force of intermediate calender rolls
the maximum negative bending roller force of intermediate calender rolls
B () definition takes into account the procedure parameter related in plate shape and strip crown draft schedule optimization, comprise distortion proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total of the ith frame
_{i}, distortion stepsize in search Δ λ, tandem mills the 1st frame optimum reduction ratio ε
_{1y}, tandem mills the 2nd frame optimum reduction ratio ε
_{2y}, tandem mills the 3rd frame optimum reduction ratio ε
_{3y}, tandem mills the 4th frame optimum reduction ratio ε
_{4y}, tandem mills the 5th frame optimum reduction ratio be ε
_{5y}, the 1st frame optimum reduction ratio calculate in process variable k
_{1}, the 2nd frame optimum reduction ratio calculate in process variable k
_{2}, the 3rd frame optimum reduction ratio calculate in process variable k
_{3}, the 4th frame optimum reduction ratio calculate in process variable k
_{4}, plate shape and strip crown Comprehensive Control objective function F
_{0};
C () adopts the initial value of the deformation distribution of the given five Stands Cold Tandem Mill group 14 frames of modelling, and by this initial value, calculate the reduction ratio apportioning cost of five Stands Cold Tandem Mill group 15 frames, judge the deformation of the 5th frame, its step is as follows simultaneously:
C1) Δ λ=0.01, k is made
_{1}=k
_{2}=k
_{3}=k
_{4}=0, F
_{0}=10
^{10};
C2) consider in onthespot actual production, band does not have work hardening at the 1st frame entrance, than being easier to rolling, therefore therefore the ratio of its deformation distribution more than the mean value 0.2 of 15 frame, should make the distortion of the 1st frame proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total
_{1}=0.2+k
_{1}Δ λ;
C3) according to λ
_{1}and the relation between milling train inlet/outlet thickness and reduction ratio calculates the reduction ratio of tandem mills the 1st frame
${\mathrm{\ϵ}}_{1}=\frac{({h}_{0}{h}_{n})}{{h}_{0}}{\mathrm{\λ}}_{1};$
C4) consider in onthespot actual production, the ratio that 1st stand stretch amount is distributed can not more than 60%, and band is smaller in the work hardening for 35 frame of the 2nd frame, therefore the ratio of its deformation distribution should more than the minimum average B configuration value 0.1 of 25 frame, so make the distortion of the 2nd frame proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total
_{2}=0.1+k
_{2}Δ λ;
C5) according to λ
_{2}and the relation between milling train inlet/outlet thickness and reduction ratio calculates the reduction ratio of tandem mills the 2nd frame
${\mathrm{\ϵ}}_{2}=\frac{({h}_{0}{h}_{n})}{{h}_{0}({h}_{0}{h}_{n}){\mathrm{\λ}}_{1}}{\mathrm{\λ}}_{2};$
C6) for the 3rd frame, scene can not lower than 5% for the ratio that deflection distributes, the therefore distortion of the 3rd frame proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total
_{3}=0.05+k
_{3}Δ λ;
C7) according to λ
_{3}and the relation between milling train inlet/outlet thickness and reduction ratio calculates the reduction ratio of tandem mills the 3rd frame
${\mathrm{\ϵ}}_{3}=\frac{({h}_{0}{h}_{n})}{{h}_{0}({h}_{0}{h}_{n})({\mathrm{\λ}}_{1}+{\mathrm{\λ}}_{2})}{\mathrm{\λ}}_{3};$
C8) for the 4th frame, scene can not lower than 1% for the ratio that deflection distributes, the therefore distortion of the 4th frame proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total
_{4}=0.01+k
_{4}Δ λ;
C9) according to λ
_{4}and the relation between milling train inlet/outlet thickness and reduction ratio calculates the reduction ratio of tandem mills the 4th frame
${\mathrm{\ϵ}}_{4}=\frac{({h}_{0}{h}_{n})}{{h}_{0}({h}_{0}{h}_{n})({\mathrm{\λ}}_{1}+{\mathrm{\λ}}_{2}+{\mathrm{\λ}}_{3})}{\mathrm{\λ}}_{4};$
C10) according to onsite actual situations, all stand stretch amounts of five Stands Cold Tandem Mill groups and be 1, therefore make the distortion of the 5th frame proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total
_{5}=1λ
_{1}λ
_{2}λ
_{3}λ
_{4};
C11) due in actual production, band is the strongest in the 5th frame processing sclerosis, least easily rolling, so the ratio of its deformation distribution is less than the mean value 0.2 of 15 frame, its deflection also should be greater than 0, like this, in order to make the distribution of deflection more reasonable simultaneously, there is not excessive or negative value phenomenon, by judging inequality 0 < λ
_{5}does < 0.2 set up? if inequality is set up, proceed to step c12), if inequality is false, then redistribute deflection, proceed to step (g);
C12) according to λ
_{5}calculate the reduction ratio of tandem mills the 5th frame
${\mathrm{\ϵ}}_{5}=\frac{({h}_{0}{h}_{n})}{{h}_{0}({h}_{0}{h}_{n})({\mathrm{\λ}}_{1}+{\mathrm{\λ}}_{2}+{\mathrm{\λ}}_{3}+{\mathrm{\λ}}_{4})}{\mathrm{\λ}}_{5};$
D () is for five Stands Cold Tandem Mill groups, in the assignment procedure of rolling schedule, its draught pressure can not exceed the maximum draught pressure that unit allows, rolling power can not exceed the maximum permission rolling power of unit, under also should ensureing current rolling schedule, skidding and heat slid wound defect does not appear in unit simultaneously, so not only can ensure the production efficiency of unit but also the quality of product can be ensured, and it is corresponding with it, unit only considered draught pressure and rolling not ultralimit for the setting of code in the past, do not consider skid with heat slid wound prevent and treat problem, onthespot mill speed is caused not improve, there is heat slid wound defect in product surface, product is demoted, the present invention is in code optimizing process, to draught pressure, rolling power and to skid and whether heat slid wound transfinites and carry out comprehensive descision, determining step is as follows:
D1) because produced onsite Raw may exist the fluctuation of the aspect such as performance, thickness, cause model calculation value to be less than the situation of actual value, certain safety coefficient must be considered, therefore define draught pressure safety coefficient α
_{f}, rolling power safety coefficient α
_{p}, skidding safety coefficient α
_{ψ}, heat slid wound safety coefficient
D2) automatically measure and add up the fluctuation situation of onthespot supplied materials, providing the initial value of safety coefficient, α
_{f}=0.750.85, α
_{p}=0.850.95, α
_{ψ}=0.800.90,
D3) the draught pressure F of 15 frame under current rolling schedule is calculated according to the reduction ratio of 15 frame in step (c)
_{i}, rolling power P
_{i}, for stating the characteristic parameter slip factor ψ of skidding
_{i}, for stating the characteristic parameter slip injury index of heat slid wound
D4) under judging current code under the prerequisite considering safety coefficient, whether institute's organic frame draught pressure, rolling power, slip factor and slip injury index exceed unit permissible value, namely judge inequality
whether set up simultaneously? if inequality is set up, proceed to step (e), otherwise, redistribute deflection, proceed to step (g);
(e) in the past tandem mills in the process of carrying out code setting, seldom consider the control problem of plate shape and strip crown, and the control of plate shape and strip crown is all relied on the roller system parameters such as the play of work roll bending, intermediate calender rolls roller and intermediate calender rolls, but for tandem mills, under tension schedule and the given prerequisite of lubricating process, the plate shape of finished product band and strip crown are not the result of roller system parameter independent role, and closely related with rolling schedule.Although the optimization of the roller system parameters such as the roller of intermediate calender rolls play and working roll and intermediate calender rolls can change plate shape and the strip crown of rack outlet largely, but this change is based on specific rolling schedule, and the degree that can change is limited and noninfinite.If rolling schedule setting is seriously unreasonable, beyond the roller of intermediate calender rolls play and working roll and intermediate calender rolls to the limit of power of the regulation and control of plate shape and strip crown, so will produce underproof product, product is caused to demote, larger economic loss is brought to unit, procedure optimization of the present invention takes into account the control of plate shape and strip crown for this reason, and its step is as follows:
E1) consider that produced onsite Raw may exist the fluctuation of the aspect such as performance, thickness, cause model calculation value and actual value to there is the situation of certain deviation, must consider certain correction factor, therefore this patent defines plate shape deviation factor α first
_{σ}, strip crown deviation factor α
_{c};
E2) the fluctuation situation of onthespot supplied materials is added up, to the initial value of ejecting plate shape deviation factor and convexity deviation factor, α
_{σ}=0.750.85, α
_{c}=0.850.95;
E3) the best effort roll bending power S under current code is calculated
_{wi}, best intermediate calender rolls bending roller force S
_{mi}, best intermediate calender rolls shifting amount δ
_{i}and corresponding production board shape value σ
_{1j}, production board convex value C
_{j};
E4) under the prerequisite of correction factor, judge whether plate shape under current code and strip crown can meet the demand of user, namely judge inequality
$\left\{\begin{array}{c}\frac{1}{N}\underset{j=1}{\overset{N}{\mathrm{\Σ}}}{\mathrm{\σ}}_{1j}{\mathrm{\σ}}_{1j}^{o}<{\mathrm{\α}}_{\mathrm{\σ}}\mathrm{\Δ}{\mathrm{\σ}}_{1}\\ \frac{1}{N}\underset{j=1}{\overset{N}{\mathrm{\Σ}}}{C}_{j}{C}_{j}^{o}<{\mathrm{\α}}_{c}\mathrm{\ΔC}\end{array}\right.$ Set up? if inequality is set up, proceed to step (f), then redistributing deflection as set up, proceeding to step (g); In formula, N is band Cross slat unit number, j represents bar unit numbering;
All within the scope of unit permission, simultaneously, there is not the defects such as skidding, heat slid wound in (f) at each draught pressure of tandem mills, rolling power, under the prerequisite that the plate shape of finished product and strip crown are also met consumers' demand, the target of the setting of rolling schedule should be that institute's organic frame rolling power is more balanced, can ensure the mill speed rolling that onthespot employing is higher like this.In the past, onthespot in the setting of code, its target optimized is all adopt the absolute value of each frame rolling power balanced.Adopt the drawback of this scheme as follows: because for five Stands Cold Tandem Mill groups, the maximum rolling power that its equipment of 15 frame allows is different, if adopt the absolute value equilibrium of each frame rolling power to be optimization aim, so in fact, that frame that the mean power of unit can not be minimum more than power in 15 frame, and peak power does not reach forever, cause the waste on mill capacity.For this reason, the present invention, in order to overcome this drawback, is optimized tandem mills 15 frame power headroom, makes tandem mills 15 frame power headroom balanced, to ensure that the ability of institute's organic frame in tandem mills can both be fully played, its optimizing process is as follows:
F1) power headroom of each frame is calculated
F2) statistics is followed the tracks of according to scene, constitution optimization object function
$F=\mathrm{\β}\sqrt{\underset{i=1}{\overset{5}{\mathrm{\Σ}}}{({W}_{i}\frac{1}{5}\underset{i=1}{\overset{5}{\mathrm{\Σ}}}{W}_{i})}^{2}}+\frac{1}{5}(1\mathrm{\β})\underset{i=1}{\overset{5}{\mathrm{\Σ}}}{W}_{i},$ In object function
represent the mean value of 15 frame power headroom, mean value is less, and mill speed just can raise higher;
represent the deviation of 15 frame power headroom and mean value,
less, then represent each frame power more balanced relative to surplus; β is weight coefficient, for determining the weight considering two kinds of factors in object function, β=0.40.6;
F3) the optimization object function F under current rolling schedule is calculated;
F4) enumeration method is adopted, list allly meet that draught pressure, rolling power, skidding and heat slid wound are prevented and treated, plate shape and strip crown aspect require prerequisite under all possible code distribute and combine, calculate the value of corresponding object function, then that value that object function is minimum is found out, the minimum reduction ratio corresponding to that value of object function is exactly desired optimum reduction ratio, and method judges inequality F < F
_{0}set up? if inequality is set up, then make F
_{0}=F, ε
_{1y}=ε
_{1}, ε
_{2y}=ε
_{2}, ε
_{3y}=ε
_{3}, ε
_{4y}=ε
_{4}, ε
_{5y}=ε
_{5}, record current goal functional value and corresponding reduction ratio, proceed to step (g), calculate next group deflection combination; If inequality is false, do not record current goal functional value and corresponding reduction ratio, directly proceed to step (g);
G deflection completing under current reduction ratio after optimizing, is redistributed, is judged whether reduction ratio transfinites, and flow process is as follows by ():
G1) according to the basic law in cold continuous rolling process, consider the impact of the factors such as work hardening, the ratio that 4th machine frame rolling mill deflection distributes is certainly little than 13 frame, and the 5th stand stretch amount is greater than 0, therefore the ratio maximum that the 4th stand stretch amount is distributed should be less than 0.25, namely judges inequality λ
_{4}does < 0.25 set up? if inequality is set up, then make k
_{4}=k
_{4}+ 1, proceed to step c9), if inequality is false, then proceed to step g 2);
G2) according to the basic law in cold continuous rolling process, consider the impact of the factors such as work hardening, the ratio that 3rd machine frame rolling mill deflection distributes is certainly little than 12 frame, and the 4th, 5 stand stretch amounts are greater than 0, therefore the ratio maximum that the 3rd stand stretch amount is distributed should be less than 0.33, namely judges inequality λ
_{3}does < 0.33 set up? if inequality is set up, then make k
_{3}=k
_{3}+ 1, proceed to step c7), if inequality is false, then proceed to step g 3);
G3) according to the basic law in cold continuous rolling process, consider the impact of the factors such as work hardening, the ratio that 2nd machine frame rolling mill deflection distributes is certainly little than 1 frame, and the 3rd, 4,5 stand stretch amounts are greater than 0, therefore the ratio maximum that the 2nd stand stretch amount is distributed should be less than 0.5, namely judges inequality λ
_{2}does < 0.5 set up? if inequality is set up, then make k
_{2}=k
_{2}+ 1, proceed to step c5), if inequality is false, then proceed to step g 4);
G4) according to the practical production experience in cold continuous rolling process, consider that rule is balanced, namely the ratio that the 1st machine frame rolling mill deflection distributes more than 60%, can not judge inequality λ
_{1}does < 0.6 set up? if inequality is set up, then make k
_{1}=k
_{1}+ 1, proceed to step (c3), if inequality is false, then proceed to step (h);
H () exports optimum rolling schedule ε
_{1y}, ε
_{2y}, ε
_{3y}, ε
_{4y}, ε
_{5y}, control the governor motion action of corresponding frame, complete draft schedule optimization.
Compared with prior art, the present invention not only considers that rolling load is balanced, skid with hot scratch prevent and treat problem, and take into account the Comprehensive Control of plate shape and strip crown.Empirical tests, after adopting the present invention, plate Shape closed rate can drop to 2.5% from 5% in the past, and strip crown qualification rate reaches more than 99%, improves product quality, has great economy meaning.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is workflow block diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the given flow chart of reduction ratio of each frame.
Fig. 3 is draught pressure, rolling power and skid and heat slid wound judge block diagram.
Fig. 4 is plate shape and strip crown control block diagram.
Fig. 5 is that object function judges block diagram.
Fig. 6 deflection resets block diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
As Figure 15, for being applicable to the draft schedule optimization method of five frame UCM type tandem mills, its step is as follows:
A () collects key equipment and the technological parameter of unit, comprise the following steps:
A1) collect the device parameter of the tandem mills of five frame UCM types, comprising: working roll roller footpath
intermediate calender rolls diameter D
_{mi}, backing roll diameter D
_{bi}, working roller Distribution Value Δ D
_{wij}, intermediate calender rolls roll shape Distribution Value Δ D
_{mij}, backing roll roll shape Distribution Value Δ D
_{bij}, working roll barrel length L
_{wi}, intermediate calender rolls barrel length L
_{mi}, backing roll barrel length L
_{bi}, working roll bending cylinder centretocentre spacing l
_{wi}, intermediate calender rolls roll bending cylinder centretocentre spacing l
_{mi}, backing roll housing screw centretocentre spacing l
_{bi};
A2) collect the technological parameter of band steel to be produced, comprise the width B of band, the thickness h of supplied materials
_{0}, finished product thickness h
_{n}, steel grade;
A3) collect the apparatus and process characteristic parameter of the tandem mills of five frame UCM types, comprising: the maximum draught pressure F that each frame allows
_{maxi}, the maximum rolling power P that allows of each frame
_{maxi}, each frame tension force setting value T
_{i}, critical slip factor ψ
^{*}, critical slip injury index
target flatness
target Board convexity
target flatness allows maximum deviation Δ σ
_{1}, Target Board convexity allows maximum deviation Δ C, mill speed maximum V
_{max}, intermediate calender rolls maximum shifting amount δ allowable
_{imax}, the maximum positive bending roller force of working roll
the maximum negative bending roller force of working roll
the maximum positive bending roller force of intermediate calender rolls
the maximum negative bending roller force of intermediate calender rolls
B () definition takes into account the procedure parameter related in plate shape and strip crown draft schedule optimization, comprise distortion proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total of the ith frame
_{i}, distortion stepsize in search Δ λ, tandem mills the 1st frame optimum reduction ratio ε
_{1y}, tandem mills the 2nd frame optimum reduction ratio ε
_{2y}, tandem mills the 3rd frame optimum reduction ratio ε
_{3y}, tandem mills the 4th frame optimum reduction ratio ε
_{4y}, tandem mills the 5th frame optimum reduction ratio be ε
_{5y}, the 1st frame optimum reduction ratio calculate in process variable k
_{1}, the 2nd frame optimum reduction ratio calculate in process variable k
_{2}, the 3rd frame optimum reduction ratio calculate in process variable k
_{3}, the 4th frame optimum reduction ratio calculate in process variable k
_{4}, plate shape and strip crown Comprehensive Control objective function F
_{0};
C () adopts the initial value of the deformation distribution of the given five Stands Cold Tandem Mill group 14 frames of modelling, and by this initial value, calculate the reduction ratio apportioning cost of five Stands Cold Tandem Mill group 15 frames, the deformation of the 5th frame is judged, its step following (as shown in Figure 2) simultaneously:
C1) Δ λ=0.01, k is made
_{1}=k
_{2}=k
_{3}=k
_{4}=0, F
_{0}=10
^{10};
C2) consider in onthespot actual production, band does not have work hardening at the 1st frame entrance, than being easier to rolling, therefore therefore the ratio of its deformation distribution more than the mean value 0.2 of 15 frame, should make the distortion of the 1st frame proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total
_{1}=0.2+k
_{1}Δ λ;
C3) according to λ
_{1}and the relation between milling train inlet/outlet thickness and reduction ratio calculates the reduction ratio of tandem mills the 1st frame
${\mathrm{\ϵ}}_{1}=\frac{({h}_{0}{h}_{n})}{{h}_{0}}{\mathrm{\λ}}_{1};$
C4) consider in onthespot actual production, the ratio that 1st stand stretch amount is distributed can not more than 60%, and band is smaller in the work hardening for 35 frame of the 2nd frame, therefore the ratio of its deformation distribution should more than the minimum average B configuration value 0.1 of 25 frame, so make the distortion of the 2nd frame proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total
_{2}=0.1+k
_{2}Δ λ;
C5) according to λ
_{2}and the relation between milling train inlet/outlet thickness and reduction ratio calculates the reduction ratio of tandem mills the 2nd frame
${\mathrm{\ϵ}}_{2}=\frac{({h}_{0}{h}_{n})}{{h}_{0}({h}_{0}{h}_{n}){\mathrm{\λ}}_{1}}{\mathrm{\λ}}_{2};$
C6) for the 3rd frame, scene can not lower than 5% for the ratio that deflection distributes, the therefore distortion of the 3rd frame proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total
_{3}=0.05+k
_{3}Δ λ;
C7) according to λ
_{3}and the relation between milling train inlet/outlet thickness and reduction ratio calculates the reduction ratio of tandem mills the 3rd frame
${\mathrm{\ϵ}}_{3}=\frac{({h}_{0}{h}_{n})}{{h}_{0}({h}_{0}{h}_{n})({\mathrm{\λ}}_{1}+{\mathrm{\λ}}_{2})}{\mathrm{\λ}}_{3};$
C8) for the 4th frame, scene can not lower than 1% for the ratio that deflection distributes, the therefore distortion of the 4th frame proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total
_{4}=0.01+k
_{4}Δ λ;
C9) according to λ
_{4}and the relation between milling train inlet/outlet thickness and reduction ratio calculates the reduction ratio of tandem mills the 4th frame
${\mathrm{\ϵ}}_{4}=\frac{({h}_{0}{h}_{n})}{{h}_{0}({h}_{0}{h}_{n})({\mathrm{\λ}}_{1}+{\mathrm{\λ}}_{2}+{\mathrm{\λ}}_{3})}{\mathrm{\λ}}_{4};$
C10) according to onsite actual situations, all stand stretch amounts of five Stands Cold Tandem Mill groups and be 1, therefore make the distortion of the 5th frame proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total
_{5}=1λ
_{1}λ
_{2}λ
_{3}λ
_{4};
C11) due in actual production, band is the strongest in the 5th frame processing sclerosis, least easily rolling, so the ratio of its deformation distribution is less than the mean value 0.2 of 15 frame, its deflection also should be greater than 0, like this, in order to make the distribution of deflection more reasonable simultaneously, there is not excessive or negative value phenomenon, by judging inequality 0 < λ
_{5}does < 0.2 set up? if inequality is set up, proceed to step c12), if inequality is false, then redistribute deflection, proceed to step (g);
C12) according to λ
_{5}calculate the reduction ratio of tandem mills the 5th frame
${\mathrm{\ϵ}}_{5}=\frac{({h}_{0}{h}_{n})}{{h}_{0}({h}_{0}{h}_{n})({\mathrm{\λ}}_{1}+{\mathrm{\λ}}_{2}+{\mathrm{\λ}}_{3}+{\mathrm{\λ}}_{4})}{\mathrm{\λ}}_{5};$
D () is for five Stands Cold Tandem Mill groups, in the assignment procedure of rolling schedule, its draught pressure can not exceed the maximum draught pressure that unit allows, rolling power can not exceed the maximum permission rolling power of unit, under also should ensureing current rolling schedule, skidding and heat slid wound defect does not appear in unit simultaneously, so not only can ensure the production efficiency of unit but also the quality of product can be ensured, and it is corresponding with it, unit only considered draught pressure and rolling not ultralimit for the setting of code in the past, do not consider skid with heat slid wound prevent and treat problem, onthespot mill speed is caused not improve, there is heat slid wound defect in product surface, product is demoted, the present invention is in code optimizing process, to draught pressure, rolling power and to skid and whether heat slid wound transfinites and carry out comprehensive descision, determining step is as follows: (as shown in Figure 3):
D1) because produced onsite Raw may exist the fluctuation of the aspect such as performance, thickness, cause model calculation value to be less than the situation of actual value, certain safety coefficient must be considered, therefore define draught pressure safety coefficient α
_{f}, rolling power safety coefficient α
_{p}, skidding safety coefficient α
_{ψ}, heat slid wound safety coefficient
D2) automatically measure and add up the fluctuation situation of onthespot supplied materials, providing the initial value of safety coefficient, α
_{f}=0.750.85, α
_{p}=0.850.95, α
_{ψ}=0.800.90,
D3) the draught pressure F of 15 frame under current rolling schedule is calculated according to the reduction ratio of 15 frame in step (c)
_{i}, rolling power P
_{i}, for stating the characteristic parameter slip factor ψ of skidding
_{i}, for stating the characteristic parameter slip injury index of heat slid wound
D4) under judging current code under the prerequisite considering safety coefficient, whether institute's organic frame draught pressure, rolling power, slip factor and slip injury index exceed unit permissible value, namely judge inequality
whether set up simultaneously? if inequality is set up, proceed to step (e), otherwise, redistribute deflection, proceed to step (g);
(e) in the past tandem mills in the process of carrying out code setting, seldom consider the control problem of plate shape and strip crown, and the control of plate shape and strip crown is all relied on the roller system parameters such as the play of work roll bending, intermediate calender rolls roller and intermediate calender rolls, but for tandem mills, under tension schedule and the given prerequisite of lubricating process, the plate shape of finished product band and strip crown are not the result of roller system parameter independent role, and closely related with rolling schedule.Although the optimization of the roller system parameters such as the roller of intermediate calender rolls play and working roll and intermediate calender rolls can change plate shape and the strip crown of rack outlet largely, but this change is based on specific rolling schedule, and the degree that can change is limited and noninfinite.If rolling schedule setting is seriously unreasonable, beyond the roller of intermediate calender rolls play and working roll and intermediate calender rolls to the limit of power of the regulation and control of plate shape and strip crown, so will produce underproof product, product is caused to demote, larger economic loss is brought to unit, procedure optimization of the present invention takes into account the control of plate shape and strip crown for this reason, its step following (computing block diagram as shown in Figure 4)
E1) consider that produced onsite Raw may exist the fluctuation of the aspect such as performance, thickness, cause model calculation value and actual value to there is the situation of certain deviation, must consider certain correction factor, therefore this patent defines plate shape deviation factor α first
_{σ}, strip crown deviation factor α
_{c};
E2) the fluctuation situation of onthespot supplied materials is added up, to the initial value of ejecting plate shape deviation factor and convexity deviation factor, α
_{σ}=0.750.85, α
_{c}=0.850.95;
E3) the best effort roll bending power S under current code is calculated
_{wi}, best intermediate calender rolls bending roller force S
_{mi}, best intermediate calender rolls shifting amount δ
_{i}and corresponding production board shape value σ
_{1j}, production board convex value C
_{j};
E4) under the prerequisite of correction factor, judge whether plate shape under current code and strip crown can meet the demand of user, namely judge inequality
$\left\{\begin{array}{c}\frac{1}{N}\underset{j=1}{\overset{N}{\mathrm{\Σ}}}{\mathrm{\σ}}_{1j}{\mathrm{\σ}}_{1j}^{o}<{\mathrm{\α}}_{\mathrm{\σ}}\mathrm{\Δ}{\mathrm{\σ}}_{1}\\ \frac{1}{N}\underset{j=1}{\overset{N}{\mathrm{\Σ}}}{C}_{j}{C}_{j}^{o}<{\mathrm{\α}}_{c}\mathrm{\ΔC}\end{array}\right.$ Set up? if inequality is set up, proceed to step (f), be false, redistribute deflection, proceed to step (g); In formula, N is band Cross slat unit number, j represents bar unit numbering;
All within the scope of unit permission, simultaneously, there is not the defects such as skidding, heat slid wound in (f) at each draught pressure of tandem mills, rolling power, under the prerequisite that the plate shape of finished product and strip crown are also met consumers' demand, the target of the setting of rolling schedule should be that institute's organic frame rolling power is more balanced, can ensure the mill speed rolling that onthespot employing is higher like this.In the past, onthespot in the setting of code, its target optimized is all adopt the absolute value of each frame rolling power balanced.Adopt the drawback of this scheme as follows: because for five Stands Cold Tandem Mill groups, the maximum rolling power that its equipment of 15 frame allows is different, if adopt the absolute value equilibrium of each frame rolling power to be optimization aim, so in fact, that frame that the mean power of unit can not be minimum more than power in 15 frame, and peak power does not reach forever, cause the waste on mill capacity.For this reason, the present invention is in order to overcome this drawback, tandem mills 15 frame power headroom is optimized, make tandem mills 15 frame power headroom balanced, to ensure that the ability of institute's organic frame in tandem mills can both be fully played, its optimizing process is as follows: (as shown in Figure 5):
F1) power headroom of each frame is calculated
F2) statistics is followed the tracks of according to scene, constitution optimization object function
$F=\mathrm{\β}\sqrt{\underset{i=1}{\overset{5}{\mathrm{\Σ}}}{({W}_{i}\frac{1}{5}\underset{i=1}{\overset{5}{\mathrm{\Σ}}}{W}_{i})}^{2}}+\frac{1}{5}(1\mathrm{\β})\underset{i=1}{\overset{5}{\mathrm{\Σ}}}{W}_{i},$ In object function
represent the mean value of 15 frame power headroom, mean value is less, and mill speed just can raise higher;
represent the deviation of 15 frame power headroom and mean value,
less, then represent each frame power more balanced relative to surplus; β is weight coefficient, for determining the weight considering two kinds of factors in object function, β=0.40.6;
F3) the optimization object function F under current rolling schedule is calculated;
F4) enumeration method is adopted, list allly meet that draught pressure, rolling power, skidding and heat slid wound are prevented and treated, the aspect such as plate shape and strip crown require prerequisite under all possible code distribute and combine, calculate the value of corresponding object function, then that value that object function is minimum is found out, the minimum reduction ratio corresponding to that value of object function is exactly desired optimum reduction ratio, and method judges inequality F < F
_{0}set up? if inequality is set up, then make F
_{0}=F, ε
_{1y}=ε
_{1}, ε
_{2y}=ε
_{2}, ε
_{3y}=ε
_{3}, ε
_{4y}=ε
_{4}, ε
_{5y}=ε
_{5}, record current goal functional value and corresponding reduction ratio, proceed to step (g), calculate next group deflection combination; If inequality is false, do not record current goal functional value and corresponding reduction ratio, directly proceed to step (g);
G deflection, completing under current reduction ratio after optimizing, is redistributed, is judged whether reduction ratio transfinites by (), flow process following (as shown in Figure 6):
G1) according to the basic law in cold continuous rolling process, consider the impact of the factors such as work hardening, the ratio that 4th machine frame rolling mill deflection distributes is certainly little than 13 frame, and the 5th stand stretch amount is greater than 0, therefore the ratio maximum that the 4th stand stretch amount is distributed should be less than 0.25, namely judges inequality λ
_{4}does < 0.25 set up? if inequality is set up, then make k
_{4}=k
_{4}+ 1, proceed to step c9), if inequality is false, then proceed to step g 2);
G2) according to the basic law in cold continuous rolling process, consider the impact of the factors such as work hardening, the ratio that 3rd machine frame rolling mill deflection distributes is certainly little than 12 frame, and the 4th, 5 stand stretch amounts are greater than 0, therefore the ratio maximum that the 3rd stand stretch amount is distributed should be less than 0.33, namely judges inequality λ
_{3}does < 0.33 set up? if inequality is set up, then make k
_{3}=k
_{3}+ 1, proceed to step c7), if inequality is false, then proceed to step g 3);
G3) according to the basic law in cold continuous rolling process, consider the impact of the factors such as work hardening, the ratio that 2nd machine frame rolling mill deflection distributes is certainly little than 1 frame, and the 3rd, 4,5 stand stretch amounts are greater than 0, therefore the ratio maximum that the 2nd stand stretch amount is distributed should be less than 0.5, namely judges inequality λ
_{2}does < 0.5 set up? if inequality is set up, then make k
_{2}=k
_{2}+ 1, proceed to step c5), if inequality is false, then proceed to step g 4);
G4) according to the practical production experience in cold continuous rolling process, consider that rule is balanced, namely the ratio that the 1st machine frame rolling mill deflection distributes more than 60%, can not judge inequality λ
_{1}does < 0.6 set up? if inequality is set up, then make k
_{1}=k
_{1}+ 1, proceed to step (c3), if inequality is false, then proceed to step (h);
H () exports optimum rolling schedule ε
_{1y}, ε
_{2y}, ε
_{3y}, ε
_{4y}, ε
_{5y}, control the governor motion action of corresponding frame, complete draft schedule optimization.
In order to the application process of further instruction correlation technique of the present invention, existing for certain 1,420 five Stands Cold Tandem Mill group, introduce the assignment procedure of certain 1,420 five frame UCM tandem mills rolling schedule in detail:
First, the 1st step collects key equipment and the technological parameter of unit, specific as follows: (11) collects the device parameter of the tandem mills of five frame UCM types, mainly comprises: working roll roller footpath D
_{wi}=420mm, intermediate calender rolls diameter D
_{mi}=450mm, backing roll diameter D
_{bi}=900mm, working roller Distribution Value Δ D
_{wij}=0, intermediate calender rolls roll shape Distribution Value Δ D
_{mij}=0, backing roll roll shape Distribution Value Δ D
_{bij}=0, working roll barrel length L
_{wi}=1420mm, intermediate calender rolls barrel length L
_{mi}=1420mm, backing roll barrel length L
_{bi}=1420mm, working roll bending cylinder centretocentre spacing l
_{wi}=2015mm, intermediate calender rolls roll bending cylinder centretocentre spacing l
_{mi}=2015mm, backing roll housing screw centretocentre spacing l
_{bi}=2015mm; (12) collect the technological parameter of band steel to be produced, mainly comprise the width B=1200mm of band, the thickness h of supplied materials
_{0}=1.8mm, finished product thickness h
_{n}=0.2mm, steel grade are MRT4; (13) collect the apparatus and process characteristic parameter of the tandem mills of five frame UCM types, mainly comprise: the maximum draught pressure F that each frame allows
_{max1}=F
_{max2}=F
_{max3}=F
_{max4}=F
_{max5}the maximum rolling power P that=1500t, each frame allow
_{max1}=P
_{max2}=P
_{max3}=P
_{max4}=P
_{max5}the tension force setting value T of=3800KW, each frame
_{0}=49Mpa, T
_{1}=176Mpa, T
_{2}=176Mpa, T
_{3}=176Mpa, T
_{4}=176Mpa, T
_{5}=69Mpa, critical slip factor ψ
^{*}=0.43, critical slip injury index
target flatness
${\mathrm{\σ}}_{1j}^{o}=\{\mathrm{9.58,5.85,2.56},0.23,2.45,4.07,5.05,5.42,5.05,4.07,2.45,\mathrm{0.23,2.56,5.85,9.58}\}$ , Target Board convexity
${C}_{j}^{o}=\{3.64,1.73,0.44,\mathrm{0.38,0.89,1.17,1.31,1.36,1.31,1.17,0.89},0.38,0.44,1.73,3.64\},$ Target flatness allows maximum deviation Δ σ
_{1}=10I, Target Board convexity allow maximum deviation Δ C=5 μm, mill speed maximum V
_{max}=1600m/min, intermediate calender rolls maximum shifting amount δ allowable
_{imax}the maximum positive bending roller force of=150mm, working roll
the maximum negative bending roller force of working roll
the maximum positive bending roller force of intermediate calender rolls
the maximum negative bending roller force of intermediate calender rolls
Subsequently, in step 2, definition takes into account the procedure parameter related in plate shape and strip crown draft schedule optimization, mainly comprises distortion proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total of the ith frame
_{i}, distortion stepsize in search Δ λ, tandem mills the 1st frame optimum reduction ratio ε
_{1y}, tandem mills the 2nd frame optimum reduction ratio ε
_{2y}, tandem mills the 3rd frame optimum reduction ratio ε
_{3y}, tandem mills the 4th frame optimum reduction ratio ε
_{4y}, tandem mills the 5th frame optimum reduction ratio be ε
_{5y}, the 1st frame optimum reduction ratio calculate in process variable k
_{1}, the 2nd frame optimum reduction ratio calculate in process variable k
_{2}, the 3rd frame optimum reduction ratio calculate in process variable k
_{3}, the 4th frame optimum reduction ratio calculate in process variable k
_{4}, plate shape and strip crown Comprehensive Control objective function F
_{0};
Subsequently, in step 3, adopt the initial value of the deformation distribution of the given five Stands Cold Tandem Mill group 14 frames of modelling, and by this initial value, calculate the reduction ratio apportioning cost of five Stands Cold Tandem Mill group 15 frames, the deformation of last frame is judged simultaneously, mainly comprise the following steps: (31) makes Δ λ=0.01, k
_{1}=k
_{2}=k
_{3}=k
_{4}=0, F
_{0}=10
^{10}; (32) distortion of the 1st frame proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total is made
_{1}=0.2+k
_{1}Δ λ=0.2; (33) according to λ
_{1}calculate the reduction ratio of tandem mills the 1st frame
(34) distortion of the 2nd frame proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total is made
_{2}=0.1+k
_{2}Δ λ=0.1; (35) according to λ
_{2}calculate the reduction ratio of tandem mills the 2nd frame
(36) distortion of the 3rd frame proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total is made
_{3}=0.05+k
_{3}Δ λ=0.05; (37) according to λ
_{3}calculate the reduction ratio of tandem mills the 3rd frame
(38) distortion of the 4th frame proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total is made
_{4}=0.01+k
_{4}Δ λ=0.01; (39) according to λ
_{4}calculate the reduction ratio of tandem mills the 4th frame
(310) distortion of the 5th frame proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total is made
_{5}=1λ
_{1}λ
_{2}λ
_{3}λ
_{4}=0.64; (311) inequality 0 < λ is judged
_{5}does < 0.2 set up? if inequality is set up, proceed to step (312), if inequality is false, then proceed to step 7; (312) according to λ
_{5}calculate the reduction ratio of tandem mills the 5th frame
${\mathrm{\ϵ}}_{5}=\frac{({h}_{0}{h}_{n})}{{h}_{0}({h}_{0}{h}_{n})({\mathrm{\λ}}_{1}+{\mathrm{\λ}}_{2}+{\mathrm{\λ}}_{3}+{\mathrm{\λ}}_{4})}{\mathrm{\λ}}_{5};$
Subsequently, in step 4, whether transfinite to draught pressure, rolling power and skidding and heat slid wound and carry out comprehensive descision, its basic procedure is as follows: (41) defines draught pressure safety coefficient α
_{f}, rolling power safety coefficient α
_{p}, skidding safety coefficient α
_{ψ}, heat slid wound safety coefficient
(42) add up the fluctuation situation of onthespot supplied materials, provide the initial value of safety coefficient, α
_{f}=0.8, α
_{f}=0.9, α
_{ψ}=0.85,
(43) the draught pressure F of 15 frame under current rolling schedule is calculated according to the reduction ratio of 15 frame in step (3)
_{i}, rolling power P
_{i}, for stating the characteristic parameter slip factor ψ of skidding
_{i}, for stating the characteristic parameter slip injury index of heat slid wound
(44) under judging current code under the prerequisite considering safety coefficient, whether institute's organic frame draught pressure, rolling power, slip factor and slip injury index exceed unit permissible value, namely judge inequality
whether set up simultaneously? if inequality is set up, proceed to step (5), then redistribute deflection, proceed to step (7);
Subsequently, in steps of 5, judge plate shape and strip crown, basic step is as follows: (51) defines plate shape deviation factor α
_{σ}, strip crown deviation factor α
_{c}; (52) add up the fluctuation situation of onthespot supplied materials, provide the initial value of correction factor, α
_{σ}=0.8, α
_{c}=0.9; (53) the best effort roll bending power S under current code is calculated
_{wi}, best intermediate calender rolls bending roller force S
_{mi}, best intermediate calender rolls shifting amount δ
_{i}and corresponding production board shape value σ
_{1j}, production board convex value C
_{j}; (54) under the prerequisite of correction factor, judge whether plate shape under current code and strip crown can meet the demand of user, namely judge inequality
$\left\{\begin{array}{c}\frac{1}{N}\underset{j=1}{\overset{N}{\mathrm{\Σ}}}{\mathrm{\σ}}_{1j}{\mathrm{\σ}}_{1j}^{o}<{\mathrm{\α}}_{\mathrm{\σ}}\mathrm{\Δ}{\mathrm{\σ}}_{1}\\ \frac{1}{N}\underset{j=1}{\overset{N}{\mathrm{\Σ}}}{C}_{j}{C}_{j}^{o}<{\mathrm{\α}}_{c}\mathrm{\ΔC}\end{array}\right.$ Does (in formula, N band Cross slat unit number, j represent bar unit numbering) set up? if inequality is set up, proceed to step (6), then redistribute deflection, proceed to step (7);
Subsequently, in step 6, with the principle of tandem mills 15 frame power headroom equilibrium, be optimized rolling schedule, process is as follows: (61) calculates the power headroom of each frame
(62) constitution optimization object function
β=0.5; (63) the optimization object function F under current rolling schedule is calculated; (64) inequality F < F is judged
_{0}set up? if inequality is set up, then make F
_{0}=F, ε
_{1y}=ε
_{1}, ε
_{2y}=ε
_{2}, ε
_{3y}=ε
_{3}, ε
_{4y}=ε
_{4}, ε
_{5y}=ε
_{5}, record current goal functional value and corresponding reduction ratio, proceed to step (7), calculate next group deflection combination; If inequality is false, do not record current goal functional value and corresponding reduction ratio, directly proceed to step (7);
Subsequently, in step (7), deflection is redistributed, judge whether reduction ratio transfinites, and basic procedure is as follows: (71) judges inequality λ
_{4}does < 0.25 set up? if inequality is set up, then make k
_{4}=k
_{4}+ 1, proceed to step (39), if inequality is false, then proceed to step (72); (72) inequality λ is judged
_{3}does < 0.33 set up? if inequality is set up, then make k
_{3}=k
_{3}+ 1, proceed to step (37), if inequality is false, then proceed to step (73); (73) inequality λ is judged
_{2}does < 0.5 set up? if inequality is set up, then make k
_{2}=k
_{2}+ 1, proceed to step (35), if inequality is false, then proceed to step (74); Judge inequality λ
_{1}does < 0.6 set up? if inequality is set up, then make k
_{1}=k
_{1}+ 1, proceed to step (33), if inequality is false, then proceed to step (8);
Finally, in step (8), optimum rolling schedule ε is exported
_{1y}, ε
_{2y}, ε
_{3y}, ε
_{4y}, ε
_{5y}, control the governor motion action of each corresponding frame, complete draft schedule optimization.
The present invention is not limited to abovedescribed embodiment; on the basis of technical scheme disclosed by the invention; those skilled in the art is according to disclosed technology contents; do not need performing creative labour just can make some to some technical characteristics wherein to replace and distortion, these are replaced and are out of shape all in protection scope of the present invention.
Claims (1)
1. be applicable to the draft schedule optimization method of five frame UCM type tandem mills, it is characterized in that: first define plate shape deviation factor and convexity deviation factor, again according to onthespot supplied materials fluctuation situation, to the initial value of ejecting plate shape deviation factor and convexity deviation factor, then the optimum working parameter under current code is calculated, export to corresponding frame regulating mechanism again, realize the optimization of rolling schedule; Comprise following concrete steps:
A () collects key equipment and the technological parameter of unit, comprise the following steps:
A1) collect the device parameter of the tandem mills of five frame UCM types, comprising: working roll roller footpath
intermediate calender rolls diameter D
_{mi}, backing roll diameter D
_{bi}, working roller Distribution Value Δ D
_{wij}, intermediate calender rolls roll shape Distribution Value Δ D
_{mij}, backing roll roll shape Distribution Value Δ D
_{bij}, working roll barrel length L
_{wi}, intermediate calender rolls barrel length L
_{mi}, backing roll barrel length L
_{bi}, working roll bending cylinder centretocentre spacing l
_{wi}, intermediate calender rolls roll bending cylinder centretocentre spacing l
_{mi}, backing roll housing screw centretocentre spacing l
_{bi};
A2) collect the technological parameter of band steel to be produced, comprise the thickness h of the width B of band steel to be produced, band steel to be produced
_{0}, finished product thickness h
_{n}, steel grade;
A3) collect the apparatus and process characteristic parameter of the tandem mills of five frame UCM types, comprising: the maximum draught pressure F that each frame allows
_{maxi}, the maximum rolling power P that allows of each frame
_{maxi}, each frame tension force setting value T
_{i}, critical slip factor ψ
^{*}, critical slip injury index
target flatness
target Board convexity
target flatness allows maximum deviation Δ σ
_{1}, Target Board convexity allows maximum deviation Δ C, mill speed maximum V
_{max}, intermediate calender rolls maximum shifting amount δ allowable
_{imax}, the maximum positive bending roller force of working roll
the maximum negative bending roller force of working roll
the maximum positive bending roller force of intermediate calender rolls
the maximum negative bending roller force of intermediate calender rolls
B () definition takes into account the procedure parameter related in plate shape and strip crown draft schedule optimization, comprise distortion proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total of the ith frame
_{i}, distortion stepsize in search Δ λ, tandem mills the 1st frame optimum reduction ratio ε
_{1y}, tandem mills the 2nd frame optimum reduction ratio ε
_{2y}, tandem mills the 3rd frame optimum reduction ratio ε
_{3y}, tandem mills the 4th frame optimum reduction ratio ε
_{4y}, tandem mills the 5th frame optimum reduction ratio be ε
_{5y}, the 1st frame optimum reduction ratio calculate in process variable k
_{1}, the 2nd frame optimum reduction ratio calculate in process variable k
_{2}, the 3rd frame optimum reduction ratio calculate in process variable k
_{3}, the 4th frame optimum reduction ratio calculate in process variable k
_{4}, plate shape and strip crown Comprehensive Control objective function F
_{0};
C () adopts the initial value of the deformation distribution of the given five Stands Cold Tandem Mill group 14 frames of modelling, and by this initial value, calculate the reduction ratio apportioning cost of five Stands Cold Tandem Mill group 15 frames, judge the deformation of the 5th frame, its step is as follows simultaneously:
C1) Δ λ=0.01, k is made
_{1}=k
_{2}=k
_{3}=k
_{4}=0, the initial value defining optimization object function is F
_{0}, and make F
_{0}=10
^{10};
C2) distortion of the 1st frame proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total is made
_{1}=0.2+k
_{1}Δ λ;
C3) according to λ
_{1}and the relation between milling train inlet/outlet thickness and reduction ratio calculates the reduction ratio of tandem mills the 1st frame
C4) distortion of the 2nd frame proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total is made
_{2}=0.1+k
_{2}Δ λ;
C5) according to λ
_{2}and the relation between milling train inlet/outlet thickness and reduction ratio calculates the reduction ratio of tandem mills the 2nd frame
C6) distortion of the 3rd frame proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total
_{3}=0.05+k
_{3}Δ λ;
C7) according to λ
_{3}and the relation between milling train inlet/outlet thickness and reduction ratio calculates the reduction ratio of tandem mills the 3rd frame
C8) distortion of the 4th frame proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total
_{4}=0.01+k
_{4}Δ λ;
C9) according to λ
_{4}and the relation between milling train inlet/outlet thickness and reduction ratio calculates the reduction ratio of tandem mills the 4th frame
C10) distortion of the 5th frame proportion λ in the distortion that institute's organic frame is total is made
_{5}=1λ
_{1}λ
_{2}λ
_{3}λ
_{4};
C11) inequality 0 < λ is judged
_{5}whether < 0.2 sets up, if inequality is set up, proceeds to step c12), if inequality is false, then redistribute deflection, proceed to step (g);
C12) according to λ
_{5}calculate the reduction ratio of tandem mills the 5th frame
D whether () transfinited to draught pressure, rolling power and skidding and heat slid wound is carried out comprehensive descision, and determining step is as follows: d1) define draught pressure safety coefficient α
_{f}, rolling power safety coefficient α
_{p}, skidding safety coefficient α
_{ψ}, heat slid wound safety coefficient
D2) automatically measure and add up the fluctuation situation of onthespot supplied materials, providing the initial value of safety coefficient, α
_{f}=0.750.85, α
_{p}=0.850.95, α
_{ψ}=0.800.90,
D3) the draught pressure F of 15 frame under current rolling schedule is calculated according to the reduction ratio of 15 frame in step (c)
_{i}, rolling power P
_{i}, for stating the characteristic parameter slip factor ψ of skidding
_{i}, for stating the characteristic parameter slip injury index of heat slid wound
D4) under judging current code, whether institute's organic frame draught pressure, rolling power, slip factor and slip injury index exceed unit permissible value, namely judge inequality
whether set up simultaneously, if inequality is set up, proceed to step (e), otherwise, redistribute deflection, proceed to step (g);
E () takes into account the setting of the control procedure of plate shape and strip crown, step is as follows:
E1) plate shape deviation factor α is defined
_{σ}, strip crown deviation factor α
_{c};
E2) the fluctuation situation of onthespot supplied materials is added up, to the initial value of ejecting plate shape deviation factor and convexity deviation factor, α
_{σ}=0.750.85, α
_{c}=0.850.95;
E3) the best effort roll bending power S under current code is calculated
_{wi}, best intermediate calender rolls bending roller force S
_{mi}, best intermediate calender rolls shifting amount δ
_{i}and corresponding production board shape value σ
_{1j}, production board convex value C
_{j};
E4) under the prerequisite of correction factor, judge whether plate shape under current code and strip crown can meet the demand of user, namely judge inequality
whether set up, if inequality is set up, proceed to step (f), be false, redistribute deflection, proceed to step (g); In formula, N is band Cross slat unit number, j represents bar unit numbering;
F () is optimized tandem mills 15 frame power headroom, make tandem mills 15 frame power headroom balanced, its optimizing process is as follows:
F1) power headroom of each frame is calculated
F2) defining optimization object function is F, and makes
in object function
represent the mean value of 15 frame power headroom, mean value is less, and mill speed just can raise higher;
represent the deviation of 15 frame power headroom and mean value,
less, then represent each frame power more balanced relative to surplus; β is weight coefficient, for determining the weight considering two kinds of factors in object function, β=0.40.6;
F3) the optimization object function F under current rolling schedule is calculated;
F4) enumeration method is adopted, list allly meet that draught pressure, rolling power, skidding and heat slid wound are prevented and treated, plate shape and strip crown aspect require prerequisite under all possible code distribute and combine, calculate the value of corresponding object function, then that value that object function is minimum is found out, the minimum reduction ratio corresponding to that value of object function is exactly desired optimum reduction ratio, and method judges inequality F < F
_{0}whether set up, if inequality is set up, then make F
_{0}=F, ε
_{1y}=ε
_{1}, ε
_{2y}=ε
_{2}, ε
_{3y}=ε
_{3}, ε
_{4y}=ε
_{4}, ε
_{5y}=ε
_{5}, record current goal functional value and corresponding reduction ratio, proceed to step (g), calculate next group deflection combination; If inequality is false, do not record current goal functional value and corresponding reduction ratio, directly proceed to step (g);
G deflection completing under current reduction ratio after optimizing, is redistributed, is judged whether reduction ratio transfinites, and flow process is as follows by ():
G1) inequality λ is judged
_{4}whether < 0.25 sets up, if inequality is set up, then makes k
_{4}=k
_{4}+ 1, proceed to step c9), if inequality is false, then proceed to step g 2);
G2) inequality λ is judged
_{3}whether < 0.33 sets up, if inequality is set up, then makes k
_{3}=k
_{3}+ 1, proceed to step c7), if inequality is false, then proceed to step g 3);
G3) inequality λ is judged
_{2}whether < 0.5 sets up, if inequality is set up, then makes k
_{2}=k
_{2}+ 1, proceed to step c5), if inequality is false, then proceed to step g 4);
G4) inequality λ
_{1}whether < 0.6 sets up, if inequality is set up, then makes k
_{1}=k
_{1}+ 1, proceed to step (c3), if inequality is false, then proceed to step (h);
H () exports optimum rolling schedule ε
_{1y}, ε
_{2y}, ε
_{3y}, ε
_{4y}, ε
_{5y}, control the governor motion action of corresponding frame, complete draft schedule optimization.
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CN104785538B (en) *  20140121  20170111  宝山钢铁股份有限公司  Reduction schedule optimization method for rolling ultrathin strip steel by cold continuous rolling set 
CN104785540B (en) *  20140121  20170531  宝山钢铁股份有限公司  A kind of rolling efficiency method for improving for being suitable for five Stands Cold Tandem Mill groups 
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