Recommended Citations

APA outline:

Source from website:

  • (Full last name, first initial of first name).  (Date of publication). Title of source. Retrieved from https://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

Source from print:

  • (Full last name, first initial of first name).  (Date of publication). Title of source. Title of container (larger whole that the source is in, i.e. a chapter in a book), volume number, page numbers.

Examples

If retrieving from a webpage:

  • Berndt, T. J. (2002). Friendship quality and social development. Retrieved from insert link

If retrieving from a book:

  • Berndt, T. J. (2002). Friendship quality and social development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 7-10.

 

MLA outline:

Author (last, first name). Title of source. Title of container (larger whole that the source is in, i.e. a chapter in a book), Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication Date, Location (page numbers).

Examples

  • Bagchi, Alaknanda. “Conflicting Nationalisms: The Voice of the Subaltern in Mahasweta Devi’s Bashai Tudu.” Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature, vol. 15, no. 1, 1996, pp. 41-50.
  • Said, Edward W. Culture and Imperialism. Knopf, 1994.

 

Chicago outline:

Source from website:
  • Lastname, Firstname. “Title of Web Page.” Name of Website. Publishing organization, publication or revision date if available. Access date if no other date is available. URL .
Source from print:
  • Last name, First name. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication.

Examples

License

Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

State and Local Government and Politics: Prospects for Sustainability by Christopher A. Simon, Brent S. Steel & Nicholas P. Lovrich is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.